Current limitations of AI include the lack of a reliable technique to collect sperm due to the long duration of copulation, the unique mucoid characteristic of the sperm, the low concentration and motility of the spermatozoa, and the lack of techniques to store sperm in chilled or frozen form. Research is being conducted in our laboratory in order to improve current techniques for collecting sperm using a mannequin (dummy female) and an Alpaca Artificial Reproductive Tract (AART), testing liquefaction of sperm with novel enzymes and also testing several protocols for chilling/freezing sperm. Results show that the design of the AART is critical to obtain good quality samples from trained males. Sperm processing techniques to liquefy the sperm and extend it for AI purposes have been achieved satisfactorily. We believe these techniques will be available to alpaca breeders in Australia within a year.